Vitamin C has achieved superstar status in the skincare world — and with good reason. This antioxidant wonder has been linked to some serious skin benefits, from brightening to firming to blocking sun damage.
Here’s everything you need to know about adding vitamin C to your skincare routine.
What is vitamin C?
Also known as ascorbic acid, vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin that can’t be produced by the human body. This essential vitamin is found naturally in many fruits and vegetables, including:
- Citrus fruits like oranges
- Leafy greens like kale and spinach
- Brussels sprouts
What does vitamin C do for skin?
One of vitamin C’s biggest benefits is its antioxidant abilities: a highly-reactive free radical scavenger, the nutrient protects cells throughout the body from oxidative stress. It also boosts collagen production. This makes vitamin C ideal for addressing:
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Sun damage
What forms does vitamin C come in?
In skincare, the most well-researched, and commonly-found, form of vitamin C is L-ascorbic acid. However, you’ll find a variety of vitamin forms listed on labels — each with its own characteristics and potency, including:
- L-ascorbic acid
- Vitamin C ester
- Ascorbyl palmitate 3-0
- Ethyl ascorbic acid
- Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
- Tetrahexyldecyl (THD) ascorbate
Is vitamin C good for all skin types?
Vitamin C is beneficial for people of all ages — and all skin types. Because it helps prevent premature ageing, it’s best to incorporate it into your skincare routine before you start to see those signs of ageing.
Those with highly sensitive skin may experience irritation when using highly reactive forms of vitamin C. Formulas that include skin-soothing ingredients may help reduce those side effects. As always, perform a patch test if you’re concerned about how your skin may react to a vitamin C product.
What’s the best way to incorporate vitamin C into your skincare routine?
When searching for a vitamin C product, look for packaging that’s opaque and airtight, because light and air will oxidise the formula. Vitamin C works best when it’s left on the skin, so choose serums and moisturisers like SLMD Skincare Facial Moisturizer, a non-occlusive moisturiser with vitamin C to brighten and provitamin B5 to strengthen the skin barrier.
Vitamin C can be used in the morning and/or the evening, but be sure to wear sunscreen daily, since UV light degrades the ingredient’s effectiveness. Vitamin C combines well with other antioxidants like vitamin E, ferulic acid, and niacinamide — when combining with retinol, perform a patch test first.
Dr. Lee’s last word
Vitamin C is one of the most well-researched and beneficial vitamins you can apply topically. Ongoing use has been shown to improve the look of multiple signs of ageing, brighten an uneven skin tone, as well as provide skin-restoring and soothing benefits. Vitamin C comes in many forms, with ascorbic acid being the most well-researched for its efficacy.
—Dr. Sandra Lee